Toxins
Home > Catalog Peptides > Toxins

If you find Creative Peptides is useful to satisfy your needs, please do not hesitate to contact us!

Toxins

Browse products name by alphabetical order:

Cat. # Product Name Price
C27002 ω-Conotoxin MVIIC Inquiry
C27001 ω-Conotoxin MVIIA Inquiry
C27013 μ-Conotoxin GIIIB Inquiry
C27012 μ-Conotoxin GIIIA Inquiry
C27008 w-Agatoxin-TK Inquiry
C27006 Scyllatoxin Inquiry
C27011 Omega-Conotoxin GVIA Inquiry
C27009 Iberiotoxin Inquiry
C27010 Biotinyl-EpsilonAhx-Omega-Conotoxin GVIA Inquiry
C27004 Alpha-conotoxin GIA Inquiry
C27003 Alpha-conotoxin GI Inquiry
C27007 a-Conotoxin IMI Inquiry

Toxins are poisons produced by organisms. The term was first coined by the organic chemist Ludwig Brieger. These substances are usually proteins that interfere with other macromolecules in organisms, such as ricin. A substance produced by an organism that can cause animal poisoning in a very small amount. Toxins often differ from other chemicals in their methods of production-the term “toxin” does not specify the method of transport (compared to venom and the wider range of poisons-all substances that may also interfere with organisms). This simply means that it is a biological poison. Toxins vary widely in severity, from generally mild acute (such as bee stings) to almost immediately fatal (such as botulinum toxin).

The seven deadliest chemicals (to humans) are:

Five of the seven deadliest compounds known come from nature. Toxins can be divided into exotoxins (toxins excreted by organisms, such as toad toxins) or endotoxins (toxins that are structurally part of bacteria, such as botulinum toxin).

  1. Botulinum toxin A (from Clostridium botulinum).
  2. Tetanus toxin A (from Clostridium tetanus).
  3. Diphtheria toxin (from Corynebacterium diphtheria).
  4. Dioxin (manufacture).
  5. Muskie (derived from mushrooms and gooses).
  6. Toad toxin (derived from toads).
  7. Sarin (manufactured)

The function of the toxin

1. Toxins in nature have two main functions:

  1. Prey--kills potential foods (such as spiders, wasps, jellyfish and sea anemones).
  2. Defense--prevents predators (for example, bees, ants and monarch butterflies, and plants such as broccoli produce a toxin to prevent insects from eating them).

2. Neurotoxins mainly affect the nervous system of animals. Organisms with neurotoxins include:

  1. Black Widows and other Widow spiders.
  2. Most scorpions.
  3. Cubic jellyfish (box jellyfish).
  4. Cobra (Elapid snakes).
  5. Conus (Cone Snail)

References:
1. Leidreiter, F., Roderer, D., Meusch, D., Gatsogiannis, C., Benz, R., & Raunser, S. (2019). Conserved architecture of Tc toxins from human and insect pathogenic bacteria. bioRxiv, 596536.
2. Karoor, S. (2019). U.S. Patent Application No. 10/272,189.

If you have any peptide synthesis requirement in mind, please do not hesitate to contact us at info@creative-peptides.com. We will endeavor to provide highly satisfying products and services.

Useful Tools

Peptide Calculator

Abbreviation List

Peptide Glossary

Follow us on:

Copyright © 2008 - Creative Peptides. All rights reserved.

USA

Address: 45-16 Ramsey Road, Shirley, NY 11967, USA

Tel: 1-631-624-4882

Fax: 1-631-614-7828

E-Mail:

Europe

Tel: 44-207-097-1828

E-Mail: