Insulin C-Peptides

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CAT# Product Name M.W Molecular Formula Inquiry
C31001 C-peptide (57-87), human 3020.3 Inquiry
C31003 C-Peptide-2, rat 3161.5 Inquiry
C31005 [Tyr0]-C-Peptide, human 3183.5 C138H220N36O50 Inquiry
C31007 C-Peptide-1, rat 3259.6 Inquiry
C31008 Tyr-C-Peptide, dog 3337.7 C146H234N38O51 Inquiry
C31009 Proinsulin C-Peptide (31-63), porcine 3340.7 Inquiry
C31011 Tyr-Proinsulin C-Peptide (55-89) (human) 3780.21 C162H268N50O54 Inquiry
C31012 ([D8]Val7·10)-C-Peptide (human) 3036.43 Inquiry
R1301 C-Peptide, dog 3174.47 C₁₃₇H₂₂₅N₃₇O₄₉ Inquiry
R1631 Proinsulin C-Peptide (55-89), human 3616.99 C₁₅₃H₂₅₉N₄₉O₅₂ Inquiry
R1632 Proinsulin C-peptide human 3020.26 C₁₂₉H₂₁₁N₃₅O₄₈ Inquiry

Insulin C-peptide, also known as linker peptide, is secreted by islet β cells and has a common precursor proinsulin with insulin. C-peptides are made up of compounds called amino acids. When the pancreas produces insulin, it releases C-peptides into the blood, just as heat from burning coal or wood releases smoke into the atmosphere. Proinsulin is split into one molecule of insulin and one molecule of C-peptide, so the molar amount of C-peptide is consistent with that of its own insulin. Because C-peptide is not easily degraded by the liver, so the measurement of C-peptide is to measure the content of insulin, which can accurately reflect the function of islet cells.

Clinical significance of Insulin C-Peptides

C-peptide can reflect the secretory function of islet β cells, and has guiding significance for the classification of diabetic patients and the differentiation of hypoglycemia.

  • Diabetes

The determination of C-peptide level can be used to classify diabetes mellitus and understand the function of islet β cells in patients with diabetes mellitus. In patients with type Ⅰ or type Ⅱ diabetes, islet β-cell function should be judged by measuring the level of C-peptide or insulin at the beginning of the disease.

  • Low blood sugar

When hypoglycemia occurs in patients suspected of having insulinoma, the determination of the ratio of blood glucose to insulin is helpful for diagnosis. On the other hand, hypoglycemia occurred in patients treated with exogenous insulin, and the cause of hypoglycemia could be identified by measuring C-peptide.

  • Islet transplantation

In order to understand the survival of islet transplantation, in addition to monitoring blood glucose, C-peptide should also be measured to understand the secretory function of islet β cells after transplantation.

  • Liver and kidney disease

In patients with hepatitis or liver cirrhosis, liver insulin uptake decreased, blood insulin level increased, but C-peptide was less affected by it, and the ratio of C-peptide to insulin in blood decreased. During the onset of nephropathy, the degradation of C-peptide slowed down, the level of C-peptide in blood increased, and the ratio of C-peptide to insulin was significantly higher than normal.

References

  1. Moroder, L., & Musiol, H. J. (2017). Insulin—From its Discovery to the Industrial Synthesis of Modern Insulin Analogues. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 56(36), 10656-10669.
  2. Di Sebastiano, K. M., Pinthus, J. H., Duivenvoorden, W. C., Patterson, L., Dubin, J. A., & Mourtzakis, M. (2017). Elevated C‐Peptides, Abdominal Obesity, and Abnormal Adipokine Profile are Associated With Higher Gleason Scores in Prostate Cancer. The Prostate, 77(2), 211-221.
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