Peptide Spin Labels
Spin labeling refers to a chemical technique that integrates molecules containing unpaired electrons into another research framework. For the study of biomacromolecule structure, kinetics and conformational changes, this technique provides a relatively non-invasive technique. The combination of site-directed spin labeling (SDSL) and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) is a mature method and has been widely used in recent years. There are many applications in protein and peptide science.
In general, a paramagnetic substance can be used as a paramagnetic detection probe as long as it can be attached to a biological macromolecule such as a protein. Diamagnetic molecules can be studied by attaching a molecule containing an unpaired electron, which known as spin labelling. In the EPR study of peptide, the preferred paramagnetic probe is referred to as a peptide spin label. The peptide spin labels commonly found in biomacromolecules can be broadly classified into two types: metals having paramagnetism and organic radicals containing unpaired electrons.
What can Creative Peptides offer
Most EPR methods rely on the use of spin labeling reagents, typically unpaired electrons are typically provided by nitroxide radicals and are shielded to maintain stability. EPR technology allows small magnetic coupling to be measured providing information on single-label probes or dipole coupling between multiple labels.
In general, nitroxides such as TEMPYO (2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy) derivatives are used more because they provide high unpaired electron stability and special ESR sensitivity. While TOAC can be used as an analog of any amino acid building block and placed anywhere in the peptide chain
We also offer the following spin labeling reagents:
- 4-Carboxy-TEMPO, free radical
- 16-DOXYL-stearic acid, free radical
- 4-Hydroxy-TEMPO benzoate, free radical
- 4-(2-Iodoacetamido)-TEMPO free radical
- 4-Isothiocyanato-TEMPO for ESR-spectroscopy
Creative Peptides provides our customers with high-quality spin labeling services and combine spin labels to specific sites according to your needs. At the same time, all processes meet the highest quality assurance to ensure high quality spin-labeled peptides.
1. Fielding, A. J., Heaven, G., & Hollas, M. A. (2014). New developments in spin labels for pulsed dipolar EPR. Molecules, 19(10), 16998-17025.
2. Smirnova, T. I., & Smirnov, A. I. (2015). Peptide–Membrane Interactions by Spin-Labeling EPR. In Methods in enzymology (Vol. 564, pp. 219-258). Academic Press.