Ceruletide

Tetracosactide is a synthetic peptide, which corresponds to the first 24 amino acids of the naturally occurring hormone ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone). It stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce corticosteroids, mineralocorticoids, and, to a lesser extent, androgens.

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CAT#C03003
Chemical Structure
ExplanationCeruletide is a decapeptide comprising 5-oxoprolyl, glutamyl, aspartyl, O-sulfotyrosyl, threonyl, glycyl, tryptopyl, methionyl, aspartyl and phenylalaninamide residues in sequence. Found in the skins of certain Australian amphibians, it is an analogue of the gastrointestinal peptide hormone cholecystokinin and stimulates gastric, biliary, and pancreatic secretion. It is used in cases of paralysis of the intestine (paralytic ileus) and as a diagnostic aid in pancreatic malfunction. It has a role as a diagnostic agent and a gastrointestinal drug.
Synonyms/AliasCaerulein; Cerulein
Chemical Name(3S)-3-[[(2S)-5-amino-5-oxo-2-[[(2S)-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carbonyl]amino]pentanoyl]amino]-4-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S,3R)-1-[[2-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-amino-1-oxo-3-phenylpropan-2-yl]amino]-3-carboxy-1-oxopropan-2-yl]amino]-4-methylsulfanyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl]amino]-3-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-oxopropan-2-yl]amino]-2-oxoethyl]amino]-3-hydroxy-1-oxobutan-2-yl]amino]-1-oxo-3-(4-sulfooxyphenyl)propan-2-yl]amino]-4-oxobutanoic acid
M.F/FormulaC58H73N13O21S2
M.W/Mr.1352.4
SequenceOne Letter Code: XQDXTGWMDF
Three Letter Code: H-Pyr-Gln-Asp-Tyr(SO3H)-Thr-Gly-Trp-Met-Asp-Phe-NH2
ActivityAgonist
Biological ActivityCCK agonist. Stimulates biosynthesis of pancreatic enzymes in AR4-2J pancreatic cells in vitro. Induces acute pancreatitis in mice. Also enhances proteasome activity in Gdeg mice.
TargetCCK receptor
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