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Elcatonin is a synthetic analog of eel calcitonin that exhibits analgesic, anti-allodynic, antacid, and anti-resorptive activities. In animal models, elcatonin inhibits the effects of thermal and mechanical pain; it also decreases hyperalgesia induced by chronic constrictive injury. When administered clinically, elcatonin decreases symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), such as heartburn and acid reflux. Additionally, this peptide induces osteoblast proliferation and prevents bone resorption and decreases in bone mineral density in animal models of bone injury.
The polypeptide hormone calcitonin is clinically well known for its ability to relieve neuropathic pain such as spinal canal stenosis, diabetic neuropathy and complex regional pain syndrome. Mechanisms for its analgesic effect, however, remain unclear. Here we investigated the mechanism of anti-hyperalgesic action of calcitonin in a neuropathic pain model in rats.
Ito, A., Takeda, M., Yoshimura, T., Komatsu, T., Ohno, T., Kuriyama, H., ... & Yoshimura, M. (2012). Anti-hyperalgesic effects of calcitonin on neuropathic pain interacting with its peripheral receptors. Molecular pain, 8(1), 42.
The study was carried out to determine the effect of a combination regimen of a small dose of calcitonin added to conjugated estrogens with medroxyprogesterone acetate on vertebral bone mass in early postmenopausal women. Comparisons were made with groups of women on calcitonin alone, on conjugated estrogens with medroxyprogesterone acetate alone, or on no treatment. The study was carried out over a 2-year period. The results of the study suggest that the combined regimen of calcitonin and estrogens increased vertebral bone mass in early postmenopausal women to a greater extent than calcitonin alone or estrogen alone. Increases in vertebral bone mass of 11.2% after 1 year and 9.2% after 2 years were demonstrated using the combined regimen. Both estrogens alone and calcitonin alone were, however, very effective in preventing rapid bone loss in the postmenopausal women studied.
Meschia, M., Brincat, M., Barbacini, P., Crossignani, P. G., & Albisetti, W. (1993). A clinical trial on the effects of a combination of elcatonin (carbocalcitonin) and conjugated estrogens on vertebral bone mass in early postmenopausal women. Calcified tissue international, 53(1), 17-20.