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Copper Peptide(GHK-Cu)

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CAT#
CPC1613
Synonyms/Alias
Copper glycyl-histidyl-lysine
CAS No.
89030-95-5
Sequence
Gly-His-Lys•Cu•xHOAc
M.W/Mr.
403.94
Molecular Formula
C14H22CuN6O4 (Cu complex)
Description
Copper peptide is a naturally occurring copper complex of a glycyl-L-histidyl-L-lysine peptide. It can promote activation of wound healing, attraction of immune cells, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, stimulation of collagen and glycosaminoglycan synthesis in skin fibroblasts.
References
Devita Rx
INCIName
Copper tripeptide-1
Storage
Common storage 2-8 degree, long time storage -20 degree.
Functions
Copper peptide can tighten the loose skin and improve the skin elasticity, clarity and firmness. It reduces fine lines and deep wrinkles, and is widely used in reparative and anti-aging cosmetics.
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Copper peptides are naturally occurring complexes that have been used for a variety of purposes in skin and hair care products since the 1990s. The complexes are a combination of the element copper and three amino acids. In the human body, copper peptides are found in trace amounts in blood plasma, saliva and urine. When used in skin care products, copper peptides can be made in a laboratory setting by combining a solution that contains copper with a substance that is similar to a protein powder.  >> Read More

CAS: 49557-75-7(net); 72957-37-0(acetate salt)
Sequence: H-Gly-His-Lys-OH
M.W: 340.38/400.43
Molecular Formula: C14H24N6O4/C16H28N6O6
CAS: 1228371-11-6
Sequence: ---
M.W: 582.61
Molecular Formula: C24H38N8O9
CAS: ---
Sequence: ---
M.W: ---
Molecular Formula: ---
CAS: 883558-32-5, 794590-34-4
Sequence: Palm-Lys-Val-Dab-Thr, Palm-Lys-Val-Dab
M.W: 684.95, 583.84
Molecular Formula: C35H68N6O7, C31H61N5O5
CAS: 960531-53-7
Sequence: Lys-alpha-Asp-Ile-Citrulline
M.W: 530.6228
Molecular Formula: C22H42N8O7

GHK (glycyl-L-histidyl-L-lysine) is present in human plasma, saliva, and urine but declines with age. It is proposed that GHK functions as a complex with copper 2+ which accelerates wound healing and skin repair. GHK stimulates both synthesis and breakdown of collagen and glycosaminoglycans and modulates the activity of both metalloproteinases and their inhibitors. It stimulates collagen, dermatan sulfate, chondroitin sulfate, and the small proteoglycan, decorin. It also restores replicative vitality to fibroblasts after radiation therapy. The molecule attracts immune and endothelial cells to the site of an injury. It accelerates wound-healing of the skin, hair follicles, gastrointestinal tract, boney tissue, and foot pads of dogs. It also induces systemic wound healing in rats, mice, and pigs. In cosmetic products, it has been found to tighten loose skin and improve elasticity, skin density, and firmness, reduce fine lines and wrinkles, reduce photodamage, and hyperpigmentation, and increase keratinocyte proliferation. GHK has been proposed as a therapeutic agent for skin inflammation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and metastatic colon cancer. It is capable of up- and downregulating at least 4,000 human genes, essentially resetting DNA to a healthier state. The present review revisits GHK's role in skin regeneration in the light of recent discoveries.

Pickart, L., Vasquez-Soltero, J. M., & Margolina, A. (2015). GHK peptide as a natural modulator of multiple cellular pathways in skin regeneration. BioMed research international, 2015.

Copper peptide (GHK-Cu) plays an important role in skin regeneration and wound healing. However, its skin absorption remains challenging due to its hydrophilicity. Here we use polymeric microneedle array to pre-treat skin to enhance GHK-Cu skin penetration.

Li, H., Low, Y. S. J., Chong, H. P., Zin, M. T., Lee, C. Y., Li, B., ... & Kang, L. (2015). Microneedle-mediated delivery of copper peptide through skin. Pharmaceutical research, 32(8), 2678-2689.

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