Leuprolide

Tetracosactide is a synthetic peptide, which corresponds to the first 24 amino acids of the naturally occurring hormone ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone). It stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce corticosteroids, mineralocorticoids, and, to a lesser extent, androgens.

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CAT#R1949
Chemical Structure
ExplanationLeuprolide is a synthetic nonapeptide analogue of gonadotropin-releasing hormone. Leuprolide binds to and activates gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptors. Continuous, prolonged administration of leuprolide in males results in pituitary GnRH receptor desensitization and inhibition of pituitary secretion of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), leading to a significant decline in testosterone production; in females, prolonged administration results in a decrease in estradiol production. This agent reduces testosterone production to castration levels and may inhibit androgen receptor-positive tumor progression.
Synonyms/AliasLeuprorelin; NSC 377526; NSC-377526; NSC377526; Leuprorelinum; Eligard; A-43818; A 43818; A43818;L-pyroglutamyl-L-histidyl-L-tryptophyl-L-seryl-L-tyrosyl-D-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-arginyl-L-proline ethylamide
Chemical Name(2S)-N-[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2R)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-5-(diaminomethylideneamino)-1-[(2S)-2-(ethylcarbamoyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-1-oxopentan-2-yl]amino]-4-methyl-1-oxopentan-2-yl]amino]-4-methyl-1-oxopentan-2-yl]amino]-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-oxopropan-2-yl]amino]-3-hydroxy-1-oxopropan-2-yl]amino]-3-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-oxopropan-2-yl]amino]-3-(1H-imidazol-5-yl)-1-oxopropan-2-yl]-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
M.F/FormulaC59H84N16O12
M.W/Mr.1209.4
SequenceOne Letter Code: XHWSYLLRP Three Letter Code: H-Pyr-His-Trp-Ser-Tyr-D-Leu-Leu-Arg-Pro-NHEt
AppearanceSolid powder
ActivityAgonist
Biological ActivityLeuprolide is a peptide-based GnRH receptor superagonist used for the palliative treatment of prostate cancer, uterine leiomyomata, endometriosis, and central precocious puberty.
TargetGonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor
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