ATI-2341

Tetracosactide is a synthetic peptide, which corresponds to the first 24 amino acids of the naturally occurring hormone ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone). It stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce corticosteroids, mineralocorticoids, and, to a lesser extent, androgens.

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CAT#R1220
Chemical Structure
ExplanationATI-2341 is a potent and functionally selective allosteric agonist of C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4), which functions as a biased ligand, favoring Gαi activation over Gα13. ATI-2341 activates the inhibitory heterotrimeric G protein (Gi) to promote inhibition of cAMP production and induce calcium mobilization. ATI-2341 is a potent and efficacious mobilizer of bone marrow polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) and hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs).
M.F/FormulaC104H178N26O25S2
M.W/Mr.2256.82
SequenceOne Letter Code: 1-Oxohexadecyl-MGYQKKLRSMTDKYRL
Three Letter Code: 1-Oxohexadecyl-Met-Gly-Tyr-Gln-Lys-Lys-Leu-Arg-Ser-Met-Thr-Asp-Lys-Tyr-Arg-Leu
Biological ActivityCXCR4 allosteric agonist (EC50 = 194 nM). Induces chemotaxis in CXCR4-expressing cells in vitro. Mobilizes polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) and hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) from bone marrow niche in vivo. Exhibits biased signaling towards Gi proteins over G13 and β-arrestin.
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